Anxiety is a feeling that every person has felt at least once in their life, and this condition is not affected by gender, social status, or age. During the period of anxiety, a person feels excitement, fear, stress, anxiety, inconvenience;Most often, external factors that people come into contact with daily can provoke this kind of disorder, and various pathological conditions are not excluded. It is very rare to observe anxiety without any reason; In most cases, the condition is diagnosed through vivid and varied symptoms. Among the main clinical signs, it is worth noting: tachycardia, increased sweating, sudden changes in body temperature, sleep disturbance, irritability.
Anxiety needs to be diagnosed only if a deterioration in the patient’s state of health is observed during a period with vivid symptoms. At the same time, the attending physician prescribes the passage of various narrow specialists, as well as a wide range of laboratory and instrumental examinations. Today, there are a number of ways to overcome the feeling of anxiety, and they are limited to conservative methods of treatment.
ETIOLOGY OF THE MANIFESTATION OF THE CONDITION
Feelings of anxiety and worry are provoked by a variety of internal and external factors. Healthy people may experience anxiety during a change in their usual environment, for example, when moving. Anxiety is affected by emotional and physical overwork due to family troubles or problems at work. Often, a restless state accompanies students during exams, defending term papers, people during the defense of important projects, advanced training, etc. In other words, discomfort accompanies people during periods of important changes in life. But, there are also people who are subjected to similar panic states for no apparent reason. Numerous clinical studies have shown that anxiety may be due to a genetic predisposition. According to psychologists , a greater percentage of restless states depends on family and psychological stress, and on a low level of self-esteem, complexes. Do not forget about internal factors that can affect the manifestation of anxiety and anxiety. Among these pathological factors it is worth noting: thyroid dysfunction, hormonal failure; myocardial infarction; diabetes mellitus ; neuroses; schizophrenia ; bipolar disorders; Alzheimer’s disease ; Parkinson’s or Chagas’ disease; meningitis . In addition to the above reasons for the occurrence of unreasonable attacks of anxiety and anxiety, it is worth noting such factors as: depression, excess caffeine , diagnostic procedures that involve the introduction of a probe, contrast agent or anesthesia, vitamin deficiency (especially B vitamins ); hospitalization (most often concerns children and the elderly), excessive addiction to alcohol and drugs.
At the first attack of panic, anxiety and anxiety, you should seek qualified help from a psychologist or psychotherapist , who can prescribe a number of related consultations and tests. It is likely that the condition may be a signal of the presence of a serious illness.
In modern medicine, there are several manifestations of internal anxiety: Generalized anxiety – a person has a constant feeling of anxiety, which as a result causes clinical manifestations (may be hidden). Post-traumatic disorder – often over-emotional states “haunt” a person in dreams, forcing them to experience certain sensations again, while a feeling of anxiety will be clearly manifested after waking up. Compulsive manic disorder – a person regularly experiences the same type of thoughts, desires, ideas. A phobia is an illogical strong fear. This category includes OCD and social phobias. Panic – recurrent, unexpected, causeless bouts of fear of high strength.
A panic attack is the same as an anxiety attack. Anxiety attacks are episodes of high intensity fear. Panic attacks often come on suddenly. Sometimes the cause of this condition is obvious, for example, when a person feels an immediate danger to his body. But in some cases, they can occur for no apparent reason. This condition and its symptoms can last from several minutes to several hours. At the same time, most people experience intense fear and trembling, which is often accompanied by an obsessive desire to escape, a feeling of imminent loss of consciousness and even death. The feelings, sensations, and symptoms that accompany a panic attack can be so powerful that a person simply loses control of their body and their emotions. There is no doubt that the phenomenon is provoked by strong physiological, psychological and emotional experiences, which is why many people are afraid of them. Among the main symptoms it is worth noting: despondency, loss of control over their actions and thoughts; tachycardia, excessive sweating; a sharp feeling of hunger or loss of appetite; madness; feeling overwhelmed; sudden and strong desire to run away; weakness and trembling in the knees; increased nervousness and tremor .
GENERALIZED ANXIETY STATE
People who experience generalized anxiety worry about everything, and are considered the most restless compared to other types. Generalized anxiety disorder does not mean that there are any physical, biological, chemical or genetic problems in the body. This suggests that a person has not yet learned healthy ways to deal with problems, uncertainty and risk, therefore, excitement appears in response to their occurrence. Generalized anxiety symptoms: a general feeling of unease; persistent fear of something; constant excitement; overly cautious approach to life; constant feeling of insecurity; a variety of physical, psychological and emotional symptoms of anxiety.
OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER (OCD)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is described as unwanted thoughts and actions that are difficult to stop. While many people worry, those who experience obsessive-compulsive disorder feel like they can’t stop worrying, or if they do, something bad will happen. OCD means that a person does not have inner harmony and has not learned to control his thoughts and feelings. One of the salvations can be a ritual. For each person it is individual. Performing a ritual, a person automatically (subconsciously) calms himself and inspires that everything will be fine. OCD symptoms: relentless anxiety; fear; acute sense of danger; inability to calm down on their own; nervousness; sleep problems; other psychological and emotional symptoms of anxiety.
SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER
Social anxiety disorder is described as excessive social anxiety. Fear of rejection is a major concern in society. Socially preoccupied people usually struggle with self-esteem and self-worth. Social phobia is another term often used to describe this phenomenon. Phobia symptoms: nervousness in the circle of people who are considered important; concern about people’s opinions; concern about the reaction of others; high sensitivity to criticism; critical attitude towards others; many other psychological and emotional symptoms of anxiety.
POST TRAUMATIC STRESS (PTSD)
PTSD is characterized as an intense anxiety reaction to a past traumatic event. Memories, nightmares and night terrors, events can be so vivid that they provoke seemingly uncontrollable anxiety reactions and symptoms. Many people who struggle with PTSD feel helpless to deal with negative memories and the strong reactions and symptoms that come with them. Some say that having PTSD is like having panic attacks 24/7 and feeling like there is nothing you can do to stop them. Among the symptoms of PTSD, recurring memories and nightmares that seem to be incessant can be put in the first place. A person feels a constant sense of danger, he becomes insecure, withdrawn, irritable due to constant emotional and physical stress.
Everyone is afraid of something. Phobias are extreme fears that seem unusually strong and all-encompassing. Fear of heights, small spaces, dogs, snakes, spiders are common phobias. A phobia is characterized by an excessive fear by a person of a particular object, situation, or circumstance. An increased sense of danger, fear and anxiety near the alleged dangerous object makes a person feel emotional overstrain, which significantly affects his health. Top Content of the Month Coronavirus: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Antibiotics for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19: how effective are they? The most common “office” diseases Does vodka kill coronavirus How to stay alive on our roads?
In order to determine the cause of the pathological condition as accurately as possible, the passage of instrumental and laboratory tests of the patient is prescribed. And the first question that logically appears in the patient is which doctor should be consulted. In order to undergo an initial examination, you can go to a therapist, the main task of which is to study in detail the medical history and life history of the patient. At the next stage, a thorough examination is carried out with the accompanying control of the physiological state: body temperature, pressure, respiratory rate, cardiogram, etc. Based on the results of the initial examination with the study of the presence of drug therapy, habits, a complete picture of the patient’s condition is compiled. As a result, laboratory and instrumental studies are prescribed, including general blood tests, urine tests, a blood test for the presence of pathogenic bacteria and hormonal levels. For completeness of the study, ultrasound, MRI and CT are often prescribed. In rare cases, cerebrospinal fluid is taken for analysis. The therapist can additionally send the patient for a consultation with: a neurologist , a psychiatrist , a gastroenterologist , a cardiologist , an endocrinologist , and other narrow specialists.